Bamboo is an old cultural plant from Asian used for many things: Building of huts, scaffolding, furniture, kitchen accessories and flower sticks etc.
There are many kinds of bamboo with different properties. The textile fibers are primarily from a
Moso bamboo. The cultivation of bamboo for textile use is rapidly increasing due to heightened demand. The increased demand for textile bamboo is not affecting Pandas. Pandas eat a different kind of bamboo. Bamboo and specifically the Moso variety grows extremely quickly and is harvested every 1.5-2 year. Plant height at harvest is 7-10 meters (23 – 33 ft.). Cultivation is done without irrigation, fertilizer and chemical pesticides. Bamboo also delivers approximately 35% more oxygen during its growth than regular forest.
Preparation of bamboo fiber for textile
The oldest method is to create fibers by the same process as making linen. This is however laborious and expensive.
B. A better method is to dissolve the fiber through a viscose process so that the viscose fibers can be spun to allow them to thereafter be carded into yarn. This is the same as is done with cotton. Less expensive environmentally safe processes are also being developed where fibers with different properties can be created.
Technical characteristics of bamboo viscose
Tensile strength: Lower than cotton especially in wet condition.
Wear strength: Worse than cotton
Moisture absorption: 3-4 times higher than cotton.
UV resistance: Good, in addition a bamboo textile stops UV radiation, making it suitable for sunscreen garments.
Skin friendliness: Good, this is due to the soft fibers. Good for allergy sufferers.
Bacterial sensitivity: Low as bamboo contains a substance known to prevent bacterial growth and thus holding back any odor.
Appearance: Glossy, similar to silk.
Comfort: Feels cool, 1-2 times cooler than cotton.
Shrinkage: Significantly worse than for cotton being washed.